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DOC

OCTOBER 2014


WHAT IS A DISTRICT OF CHOICE?

  • A District of Choice is a California school district that by resolution of the Governing Board becomes one that will accept students from other districts through a special process. 
  • Students may transfer to Oak Park USD schools if they apply between November 1 and December 31 and are selected as part of a random process for enrollment in the fall of the next school year.
  • The OPUSD Board annually sets the capacities for schools and for the District overall.
  • Sending districts may not prohibit students from transferring except under certain conditions.
  • Students may remain in OPUSD schools until graduation. Permits are automatically renewed under the law. 


WHY IS OAK PARK USD A DISTRICT OF CHOICE?

Oak Park USD was experiencing serious declining enrollment.
  • Declining enrollment means a decline in revenues beyond the costs saved from fewer students.
  • The reason students are allowed to transfer districts in California is that over 80% of the funding for public schools come directly from the STATE not local districts.  This has been true since Proposition 13 passed in 1978.  This makes California somewhat unique in area of public school financing.
  • SB 680 passed in 2009 is the most recent law to address District of Choice.


LET’S DO THE NUMBERS For 2014-15

  • Amount of Revenue per Student in OPUSD (resident or transfer)
    $6874
  • Average Class Size K-12
    26.7
  • Average Cost Per Teacher (includes salary, benefits, retirement, etc.)
    $99,833

If a school district has declining enrollment:
  •  If there were, for example, 100 fewer students = a decline in state revenue
    • $6874 per student x 100 students = $687,400 in lost revenue
    • 100 students divided by average class size of 26.7 means that 3.7 teachers are laid off.
    • 3.7 teachers x $99,833 = $369,382
      (average teacher cost) – savings is
    • Leaves the district with $318,018 in program cuts
*This situation is actually worse because the newest and least expensive teachers are laid off first, so the teacher savings is considerably less.
 
If a school district is growing:
  • 100 additional students = an increase in state revenue
    • $6874 per student x 100 students = $687,400 in new revenue
    • 100 students divided by average class size of 26.7 means that 3.7 teachers are hired.
    • 3.7 teachers x $99,833 (average teacher cost) expense of $369,382
    • Leaves the district with $318,018 in additional revenue
*This situation is actually better because the newest teachers are the least expensive so the benefit to the district is greater.

If a school district has stable enrollment:
  • Zero Growth means that the only new revenue for schools is what the state provides in a Cost of Loving Adjustment (COLA).
  • There are added costs each year to pay for step/column raises for teachers and other employees.
  • There are increased expenses for utilities, books, supplies, fuel, etc. 
 

OAK PARK USD FIGURES

  • 2,182 Students Attend on Permit
  • There are 4,697 total students in OPUSD Schools
  • 46.5% are on permit
    • 237 of these students attend Oak View Continuation High School or Oak Park Independent School (programs that otherwise would not have enough students to justify operating for our resident students).
      • With these students removed totals and percentage are:
        • 1.945 Permit Students
        • 41.4%
    • 90 of these students are children of OPUSD employees (able to attend district where parent is employed by law).
      • With these students removed totals and percentage are:
        • 1,855 permit students
        • 39.5% adjusted percentage

REVENUE

2,182 Students x $6,874 = TOTAL REVENUE  $14,999,068
 
EXPENSE

2,182 Students divided by 26.7 = 81.72 teachers

81.72 teachers x $99,833 = $8,058,520

Add other staff – admin, support, etc.=  $696,575

            TOTAL EXPENSE   $8,755,095
 
REVENUE VS. EXPENSE

Total Revenue = $14,999,068

Total Expense = $8,755,095

Difference = $6,243,973 per year of ADDITIONAL REVENUE
 

WHAT DOES $6,243,973 PER YEAR MEAN TO OAK PARK SCHOOLS?

•    The Parcel Tax brings in $900,000 a year ($197 tax per parcel).
 
•    If we did not have this revenue from these students the parcel tax would need to be $1367 per parcel per year to sustain our current educational program in OPUSD.

•    Friends of Oak Park Schools raises about $100,000 per year.

•    The PTOs from all of the schools combined raise about $500,000 per year.

•    $6.2 million is about 16.7% of the OPUSD annual budget.
 

WHAT IS THAT MONEY USED FOR?

During the Great Recession, all California public school budgets were cut by more than 22%. The additional revenue generated by accepting DOC students during this time was used to augment OPUSD's general fund, ensuring maintenance of a full 180-day school year, mitigating the negative effect of budget cuts on class sizes, and minimizing the adverse impact on educational and support programs for students that might have otherwise been eliminated.  As the State's economy has improved in recent years, added revenues realized from the DOC program are being used to restore, expand, and add many educational programs, reduce class sizes at all grade levels, and improve student health, welfare, and safety support with increased counseling staff and the like.
 

WHAT WOULD OAK PARK SCHOOL LOOK LIKE WITHOUT THE DISTRICT OF CHOICE PROGRAM?

•    If we were not accepting these students we would have $6.2 million less to pay for programs that benefit both resident and permit students.

•    We would most likely have one less elementary school and that would save an estimated $500,000 a year.
•    However, the law allows a charter school to take over that campus yet OPUSD must maintain the school for them.  This school would draw more students from OPUSD, exacerbating declining enrollment.
•    There would be larger class sizes at all of the schools and at all grade levels because teacher costs are the largest expenditure in the District. 

•    Counselor ratios would be worsened.

•    Fewer course offerings would be available for students at MCMS and OPHS including AP and H classes, which are often run undersubscribed.

•    Music, athletics, counseling programs would be scaled back.

•    Parent Teacher Organizations and Friends would be raising funds for basics only and no extras. 

A declining enrollment district often begins a downward spiral – parents become unhappy with program quality and transfer out to private, charter, or other districts.  This requires the district to cut back on programs even more severely, moving more people out. Home values decline as parents opt for homes in better school districts.

 


HOW ARE THESE STUDENTS DISTRIBUTED IN OAK PARK SCHOOLS?


GRADE BES OHESROES MCMSOPHSOVHSOPIS
 K 29 33
 51   1
 1 3335 57   1
 2 3143 33   1
 3 4336 49
   4
 4 6547 40   4
 5 4962 59   5
 6   152  9
 7   157  14
 8   196  25
9



193
22
 10    1901
23
 11    1903
28
 12    1484
35
TOTAL 250
2372895057218
172
GRAND TOTAL FOR THE DISTRICT
2182   


WHERE DO THESE STUDENTS COME FROM?

TOTAL STUDENTS BY HOME DISTRICT

CVUSD - Conejo Valley Unified 60927.9%
LAUSD - Los Angeles Unified548

25.1%

SVUSD - Simi Valley Unified543
24.9%
LVUSD - Las Virgenes Unified359
16.5%
MUSD - Moorpark Unified582.7%
PVSD - Pleasant Valley Elementary16
2.5%
OUHSD - Oxnard Union High School8
.37%
SMMUSD - Santa Monica Malibu Unified
7.32%
OSD - Oxnard Elementary
5.23%
SSD - Somis Elementary4.18%
VUSD - Ventura Unified4
.18%
BUSD - Burbank Unified
3
.14%
FUSD - Fillmore Unified
3
.14%
HUHSD - Wm. S. Hart High School 3
.14%
PSD - Palmdale Elementary
3
.14%
Other (2 students or less each from Beverly Hills USD, Contra Costa COE, Corona-Norco USD, El Segundo USD, Glendale USD, Glendora USD, Ojai USD, Saugus Union Elementary 
9.41%
Total2,182100%
 

SINCE THE LAW REQUIRES DISTRICTS OF CHOICE TO ACCEPT STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS HOW MANY DO WE HAVE BECAUSE OF THE PROGRAM?

•    127 out of district special education students,
•    225 resident special education students

•    352 total special education population K-12
•    4,697 total district enrollment
•    7.5% of total district population identified as special education

•    127 special education students from out of district
•    2,182 total number of students from out of district
•    5.8% of out of district students require special education services

•    225 resident students receiving special education services
•    2,515 total number of resident students
•    8.9% of resident students require special education services
 

WHAT ABOUT GATE STUDENTS?


•    320 out of district GATE students
•    329 resident GATE students

•    649 total GATE population K-12
•    4,697 total district enrollment
•    13.8% of total district population identified as GATE

•    320 GATE students from out of district
•    2,182 total number of students from out of district
•    14.7% of out of district students are GATE

•    329 resident GATE students
•    2,515 total number of resident students
•    13.1% of resident students are GATE