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DOC

October 2012


WHAT IS A DISTRICT OF CHOICE?

  • A District of Choice is a California school district that by resolution of the Governing Board becomes one that will accept students from other districts through a special process. 
  • Students may transfer to Oak Park USD schools if they apply between November 1 and December 31 and are selected as part of a random process for enrollment in the fall of the next school year.
  • The OPUSD Board annually sets the capacities for schools and for the District overall.
  • Sending districts may not prohibit students from transferring except under certain conditions.
  • Students may remain in OPUSD schools until graduation. Permits are automatically renewed under the law. 


WHY IS OAK PARK USD A DISTRICT OF CHOICE?

Oak Park USD was experiencing serious declining enrollment.
  • Declining enrollment means a decline in revenues beyond the costs saved from fewer students.
  • The reason students are allowed to transfer districts in California is that over 80% of the funding for public schools come directly from the STATE not local districts.  This has been true since Proposition 13 passed in 1978.  This makes California somewhat unique in area of public school financing.
  • SB 680 passed in 2009 is the most recent law to address District of Choice.


LET’S DO THE NUMBERS For 2012-13

  • Amount of Revenue per Student in OPUSD (resident or transfer)
    $5537
  • Average Class Size K-12
    26.8
  • Average Cost Per Teacher (includes salary, benefits, retirement, etc.)
    $94,389


If a school district has declining enrollment:
  •  If there were, for example, 100 fewer students = a decline in state revenue
    • $5537 per student x 100 students = $553.700 lost revenue
    • 100 students divided by average class size of 26.8 means that 3.7 teachers are laid off.
    • 3.7 teachers x $94,389 = $349,239
      (average teacher cost) – savings is
    • Leaves the district with $204,461 in program cuts
*This situation is actually worse because the newest and least expensive teachers are laid off first, so the teacher savings is considerably less.
 
If a school district is growing:
  • 100 additional students = an increase in state revenue
    • $5537 per student x 100 students = $553,700 in new revenue
    • 100 students divided by average class size of 26.8 means that 3.7 teachers are hired.
    • 3.7 teachers x $94,389 (average teacher cost) expense of $349,239
    • Leaves the district with $204,461 in additional revenue
*This situation is actually better because the newest teachers are the least expensive so the benefit to the district is greater.
 

If a school district has stable enrollment:
  • Zero Growth means that the only new revenue for schools is what the state provides in a Cost of Loving Adjustment (COLA). Over the past 3 years this has been MINUS 22%.
  • There are added costs each year to pay for step/column raises for teachers and other employees.
  • There are increased expenses for utilities, books, supplies, fuel, etc. 
 

OAK PARK USD FIGURES

  • 1,963 Students Attend on Permit
  • There are 4.519 total students in OPUSD Schools
  • 43.4% are on permit
    • 164 of these students attend Oak View Continuation High School or Oak Park Independent School (programs that otherwise would not have enough students to justify operating for our resident students).
      • With these students removed totals and percentage are:
        • 1.799 Permit Students
        • 39.8%
    • 90 of these students are children of OPUSD employees (able to attend district where parent is employed by law).
      • With these students removed totals and percentage are:
        • 1,709 permit students
        • 37.8% adjusted percentage

REVENUE

1,963 Students x $5,537 = TOTAL REVENUE    $10,869,131
 
 
EXPENSE

1,963 Students divided by 26.8 = 73.25 teachers

73.25 teachers x $94,389 = $6,913,994

Add other staff – admin, support, etc.=  $250,000

            TOTAL EXPENSE    $7,163,994
 


REVENUE VS. EXPENSE

Total Revenue = $10,869,131

Total Expense = $7,163,994

Difference = $3,705,137 per year of ADDITIONAL REVENUE
 


WHAT DOES $3,705,137 PER YEAR MEAN TO OAK PARK SCHOOLS?

•    The Parcel Tax brings in $900,000 a year ($197 tax per parcel).
 
•    If we did not have this revenue from these students the parcel tax would need to be $1008 per parcel per year to sustain our current educational program in OPUSD.

•    Friends of Oak Park Schools raises about $100,000 per year.

•    The PTOs from all of the schools combined raise about $500,000 per year.

•    $3.7 million is 12.7% of our budget.
 

WHAT IS THAT MONEY USED FOR?

Over the last three years public school budgets have been cut 22%.  This additional revenue has been used as part of the general fund to save programs that would have otherwise been cut. 
 

WHAT WOULD OAK PARK SCHOOL LOOK LIKE WITHOUT THE DISTRICT OF CHOICE PROGRAM?

•    If we were not accepting these students we would have $3.7 million less to pay for programs that benefit both resident and permit students..

•    We would most likely have one less elementary school and that would save an estimated $500,000 a year.
•    However, the law allows a charter school to take over that campus yet OPUSD must maintain the school for them.  This school would draw more students from OPUSD, exacerbating declining enrollment.
•    There would be larger class sizes at all of the schools and at all grade levels because teacher costs are the largest expenditure in the District. 

•    Counselor ratios would be worsened.

•    Fewer course offerings would be available for students at MCMS and OPHS including AP and H classes, which are often run undersubscribed.

•    Music, athletics, counseling programs would be scaled back.

•    Parent Teacher Organizations and Friends would be raising funds for basics only and no extras. 

A declining enrollment district often begins a downward spiral – parents become unhappy with program quality and transfer out to private, charter, or other districts.  This requires the district to cut back on programs even more severely, moving more people out. Home values decline as parents opt for homes in better school districts.

 



HOW ARE THESE STUDENTS DISTRIBUTED IN OAK PARK SCHOOLS?


  BES OHESROES MCMSOPHSOVHSOPIS
 K31 34
 31   0
 1 28 30 50   4
 2 4333 22   1
 3 403448   1
 4 384142   1
 5 346233   3
 6   196  11
 7    169  17
 8   169   14
9



185
24
 10    1533 22
 11    14311 27
 12    11012 16
TOTAL 214 23422653459123141
GRAND TOTAL FOR THE DISTRICT
1963

 
 

WHERE DO THESE STUDENTS COME FROM?

Total Students by District

CVUSD - Conejo Valley    53227.1%
SVUSD - Simi Valley 476

24.2%

LAUSD - Los Angeles473
24.0%
LVUSD - Las Virgenes   370
18.8%
MUSD- Moorpark 492.5%
PVUSD - Pleasant Valley90.46%
SMMUSD - Santa Monica Malibu130.66%
OUHSD - Oxnard High School 120.61%
OSD- Oxnard Elementary
60.31%
SUSD - Somis Elementary5.25%
HUHSD - Wm. S. Hart High School 30.15%
BUSD - Burbank Unified
3
0.15%
SPESD - Santa Paula Elementary
2
0.10%
VUSD - Ventura Unified
4
0.20%
Other*
60.31%
Total1,963
*1 student each from Corona-Norco, Saugus, Fillmore, Glendale, La Canada & Long Beach
 
 

SINCE THE LAW REQUIRES DISTRICTS OF CHOICE TO ACCEPT STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS HOW MANY DO WE HAVE BECAUSE OF THE PROGRAM?

•    109 out of district special education students,
•    228 resident special education students

•    337 total special education population K-12
•    4,519 total district enrollment
•    7.5% of total district population identified as special education

•    109 special education students from out of district
•    1,963 total number of students from out of district
•    5.6% of out of district students require special education services

•    228 resident students receiving special education services
•    2,556 total number of resident students
•    8.9% of resident students require special education services
 

WHAT ABOUT GATE STUDENTS?


•    223 out of district GATE students
•    306 resident GATE students

•    529 total GATE population K-12
•    4,519 total district enrollment
•    11.7% of total district population identified as GATE

•    223 GATE students from out of district
•    1,963 total number of students from out of district
•    11.4% of out of district students are GATE

•    306 resident GATE students
•    2,556 total number of resident students
•    12% of resident students are GATE
       

HOW DO OUR TRANSFER STUDENTS ACHIEVE?

According to the most recent STAR Data (May 2012)  (Avg. Scaled Scores):

Language Arts
All Students - 411.1
Resident Students – 411.8
Out of District Students – 410.0

Math – Grades 2-7
All Students -  437.7
Resident Students – 437.6
Out of District Students – 437.7

Math – General Math
All Students -  372.0
Resident Students – 375.3
Out of District Students – 367.0

Math – Algebra One
All Students -  406.2
Resident Students – 403.5
Out of District Students – 409.5